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Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 227-231

Protection behaviors for cytotoxic drugs in oncology nurses of chemotherapy centers in Shiraz hospitals, South of Iran


1 Emam Mohammad-Bagher Hospital, Ghirokarzin, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Ghirokarzin, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom/Iran, Iran
4 Bs in Medical Emergency, EMS, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Ghirokarzin, Shiraz, Iran
5 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
6 Ms of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery College, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
7 Department of Anesthesiology, Valiaasr Hospital, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Esmail Moshiri
Department of Anaesthesiology, Valiaasr Hospital, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-5851.195748

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Context: The use of antineoplastic agents for the treatment of cancer is an increasingly common practice in hospitals. As a result, workers involved with handling antineoplastic drugs may be accidentally exposed to these agents, placing them at potential risk for long-term adverse effects. This study aimed to determine the occupational protection status of clinical nursing staff exposed to cytotoxic drugs. Subjects and Methods: The study was designed as an analytic descriptive survey. The research settings took place in six centers of chemotherapy in Shiraz, Iran. The participants were 86 nurses who worked in oncology units and administered cytotoxic drugs. Data were collected using a questionnaire and a checklist which was developed by the investigators to determine occupational protection status of clinical nursing staff exposed to cytotoxic drugs. Percentage calculations and the independent samples t-test were used to see the general distribution and analysis of data. To statistically analyze of the data, SPSS software (version 16) was applied. Results: The mean age of participants was 30.52 ± 6.50 years and 66.27% of the nurses worked on inpatient oncology wards. The mean practice score was 21.1 ± 3.76 that ranged from 12.5 to 31. The independent samples t-test showed the outpatient nurses were weaker in practice (17.2 ± 2.52) in comparison with university hospitals (23.35 ± 3.02, P< 0.001). Occupational protection status of clinical nursing staff exposed to cytotoxic drugs especially during administration and disposal of medicines was poor and rarely trained with this subject and was observed under the standard conditions. Conclusions: There is deficiency in the understanding and related protection practices of clinical nursing staff vocationally exposed to cytotoxic drugs. It is recommended that all clinical nursing staff should receive full occupational protection training about these matters and the authorities provide standard conditions of oncology wards.


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